Renatto Narvaez

Role of AI and 5G in Drone Technology

May 18, 2022,

Blogs

Technology has provided us with a lot of fascinating devices and inventions, drones being one of them. Drones, also known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in technical terminology, have grown in popularity since their initial appearance in 2007. These gadgets were first controlled manually and remotely. Drones now frequently include artificial intelligence, which automates part or all functions.

 

Drones were initially popular among photographers because they allowed individuals to snap images and films from the air while still standing on the ground. But soon, they were being utilized to collect data in order to better understand weather patterns and crime scenes.

 

As the capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) and the availability of low-cost drones expand, it is more important than ever to maintain constant communication and efficiency. It’s also crucial for a drone to be able to fly beyond the pilot’s sight range and go larger distances without human intervention.

 

In this article, we will delve into drone technology and how artificial intelligence is used to improve drones.

 

What are drones?

 

Drones are referred to as “unmanned aerial vehicles” by civilians, and they are viewed as a weapon or a tool utilized by military personnel. However, they are now accessible to the whole public for videography, surveillance, traffic monitoring, weather monitoring, agriculture, and other reasons. Drones do not have a large storage capacity, but they do have enough room to transport essential products to humans.

 

They are unmanned aerial vehicles that can fly to various distances from a distant location. It may be in space, disaster zones, the Arctic, or even right outside your front door. As a result, the location’s extremeness is irrelevant because they can reach practically everywhere. They are secure and perform at a high level. Drones are robots, thus they are obviously remote operated.

 

However, being able to manage your vehicle from afar has many advantages. There is a sense of security because there is no pilot or anybody controlling it. This is, in some way, why this technology is able to approach any imaginable boundary. Having said that, a drone’s total autonomy can vary. Some are operated remotely, while others are so efficient that they may be controlled by sensors.

 

They are equipped with LIDAR detectors. A drone’s ability to go to great heights and areas is not universal. Close-range drones may cover a distance of up to 30 miles. Short-range drones, on the other hand, may go up to 90 miles. Drones used for intelligence reasons are medium-ranged and can easily cover a 400-mile radius. The “endurances” are the longest-ranged drones, with a range of up to 400 miles and a height of about 3000 feet.

 

What is the role of Artificial Intelligence in Drone development?

 

As the capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) and the availability of low-cost drones expand, it is more important than ever to maintain constant communication and efficiency. It’s also crucial for a drone to be able to fly beyond the pilot’s sight range and go larger distances without human intervention.

 

Despite the fact that all of these prerequisites were met, the combination of this quickly growing drone technology with AI and autonomous innovations, as well as 5G and long-range Wi-Fi connections, is a key achievement that has been neglected. Qualcomm has developed the ‘Qualcomm Flight RB5 5G Platform,’ which is the world’s first 5G and AI-enabled drone platform.

 

The Snapdragon Flight, a system-on-a-chip that allows superior video processing, communication, and navigation capabilities for tiny drones, was Qualcomm’s first offering for drones. Snapdragon Flight is powered by Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 801 CPU, which, when combined with reliable connection, smart drone software and development tools, and cutting-edge mobile technologies, allows for the production of a new class of consumer drones.

5G in Drone Development:

 

5G is considered to be a game changer in drone development. Thanks to wide-area, high-speed, secure wireless network coverage from major wireless service providers available nearly wherever a drone may travel, networks like 4G LTE and 5G allow safe, trustworthy autonomous drone operation outside the visual line of sight.

 

5G is not just the present and future of connectivity; it also enables large-scale drone deployment for mission-critical drone applications like search and rescue, air traffic control, and 360-degree virtual reality video capture. Artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled drones have improved perceptual skills and can deliver data in real time, which is important when seconds count. Knowing what’s going on and when it’s going to happen, whether a drone is dropping medical supplies or carrying food or presents, might save lives.

 

5G will be a significant technological advancement for both businesses and consumers. Users will be able to maneuver drones with great accuracy and from a longer distance because of 5G’s low latency and high data processing capacity. Many drone applications include video capture, which necessitates a large amount of data streaming. Low-latency communications with UAV controllers are enabled by 5G and Wi-Fi 6E capabilities, allowing for accurate motions and quick first-person view (FPV) reaction time. Fast connectivity also enables real-time access to footage.

 

Where traditional approaches have failed, AI will be the spark for tackling critical wireless difficulties. It is common knowledge that AI will have a significant influence on numerous major 5G use cases, including improved service quality, easier deployment, increased network efficiency, and improved network security. Low latency and high capacity of 5G, on the other hand, will enable AI processing to be dispersed across device, edge cloud, and central cloud, allowing for flexible system solutions for a number of new and better experiences. This adaptive wireless edge architecture enables performance and cost trade-offs to decide workload allocation in order to meet a specific application’s latency or computation needs.

 

How to build a 5G drone using Artificial Intelligence?

 

Any undertaking might need the construction of a drone. To do so, you’ll need the following items:

 

  • 4G LTE and/or 5G cellular technology are necessary for flying outside of visual line of sight. If you want your drone to run on a 5G network, you’ll need to buy a new one or retrofit your present one, just as you would with a smartphone. A 5G-compatible modem is required for new 5G drones.

 

  • A virtual private network (VPN) is required for security and multi-device networking.

 

  • Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) helps orient the drone to its ever-changing surroundings, as well as deep learning object recognition and integrated depth sensing to build mission paths and make obstacle avoidance easier.

 

  • Use visual inertial odometry to determine device position (VIO).

 

  • A flexible software architecture is utilized to make development easier.

 

  • For simultaneous 4K video capture, streaming, and computer vision processing, several image sensors are supported.

 

  • On a single printed circuit board, a lightweight, cost-effective, plug-and-play device with a substantial computing capability (PCB).

 

Applications of Drones with Artificial Intelligence:

 

Here are the four major projects based on artificial intelligence that use drone technology for various purposes:

 

  1. Automatic Flying Machines:

 

For obvious reasons, computer vision is a much-discussed topic of artificial intelligence in the drone sector. For starters, numerous manufacturers already use powerful computer vision to keep drone pilots out of trouble: certain DJI drones, for example, have a capability that detects an obstruction and automatically figures out a route around it.

 

Many of the more advanced drone applications, such as urban deliveries and aerial mobility systems, will necessitate additional breakthroughs in computer vision and danger awareness, which is why this is an area of significant R&D. AlphaPilot, a drone racing competition with a twist, is one noteworthy initiative demonstrating advancements in this area. The Drone Racing League (DRL) is organizing the event, which is sponsored by Lockheed Martin.

 

The goal is to publicize DRL’s new Artificial Intelligence Robotic Racing Circuit on the surface. Beyond that, there’s a push to investigate and create AI pilots that can keep up with their human counterparts.

 

  1. Easy Surveillance:

 

Drones may be outfitted with a variety of surveillance devices to gather HD video and still photographs at all hours of the day and night. Drones may be outfitted with equipment that allows them to listen in on phone calls, track GPS movements, and collect license plate data. The high payload compatibility enables the use of a variety of surveying instruments, including lidar scanners, multi- and hyperspectral sensors, and much more, 24 hours a day, with little labor and expenditures.

 

Drone surveillance allows for the collecting of information about a target from a distance or height while remaining undetected. Drone surveillance allows for the covert collection of information about a target from a distance or height.

 

Of fact, drone utilization in this broad business (or area) goes well beyond these basic and uncomplicated parameters. Drone technology is used by government authorities, police, and other security professionals. As firms and researchers discover new methods to utilize machine learning to evaluate live video data, automated monitoring will become more ubiquitous.

 

For example, A recent experiment led by scientists in the United Kingdom and India demonstrates one prospective application for this technology: using camera-equipped drones to detect aggressive behavior in crowds. It employs a cheap Parrot AR quadcopter to broadcast video footage for real-time analysis through a mobile internet connection. The stances of persons in the film are estimated by a deep learning system, which matches them to “violent” postures identified by the researchers. Strangling, punching, kicking, shooting, and stabbing are the only five positions included in the project.

 

  1. Heritage protection:

 

With the terrible fire at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris making international news, it’s encouraging to know that drone technology was on the scene to assist firefighters and prevent the inferno from spreading further. The focus now shifts to the reconstruction and restoration procedure. Drones and artificial intelligence are already being used in similar projects. Iconem, a French company, is at the forefront of this industry. Iconem, a company founded by architect Yves Ubelmann, is creating new standards for 3D modeling and recording of historic structures.

 

Looting, urbanization, mass tourism, violence, and climate change are all threats to many people. As a result, preserving them has become a global concern. After all, these are the places where civilizations and civilisations began.

 

The goal is to conserve and safeguard world history, but the method is cutting-edge. Drones, advanced modeling techniques, and cloud computing are all combined in Iconem. As a consequence, scholars, restorers, and the general public may access extremely realistic and immersive representations of key historical sites. Iconem has worked on restoration projects, exhibits, and virtual reality experiences, among other things.

 

  1. Accurate weather forecast:

 

Drones, admittedly, fall short of satellite imagery’s accuracy in anticipating severe weather occurrences. They are, nonetheless, capable of offering crucial aid in the event of a tragedy. Government agencies and insurers are becoming more aware of the possibility of employing them to estimate post-disaster losses, particularly at places that have not been designated as safe for people to access.

 

Drones collecting air samples is a significant improvement over traditional data gathering methods, and it has the potential to greatly increase the accuracy of weather forecasting models. More accurate models have an impact on both the day-to-day and the long-term. It enables meteorologists to provide better 10-day weather predictions, but it also enables them to provide more early notice for events such as tornadoes, as well as if and where hurricanes will land.

 

Weather drones can collect critical data on temperature, moisture, air pressure, and wind speed and direction by flying across the whole vertical layer of the boundary layer of the atmosphere.

 

This data may be collected in a variety of ways using weather drones. Temperature, humidity, and air pressure sensors connected directly to the drone are one method. Dropping sensors called dropsondes from a high altitude with a parachute is another way they collect data. The dropsondes capture data as they fall through the vertical profile of the boundary layer. Visual imagery, such as images and video, is another key method of weather drones to acquire data.

Conclusion:

 

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a critical instrument in the technological industry. It is a boon for drone development when paired with a 5G network. Engineers who plan ahead rely on these advancements on a regular basis to improve drone capabilities and broaden use cases, making them smarter, safer, and more capable. We will learn about artificial intelligence in drone technology in this article.